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TRB 91st Annual Meeting (January 22-26, 2012)
Innovations in Activity and Travel Behavior
Jan 25 2012 8:30AM- 10:15AM
Hilton, International Center
Exploring Weekend Travel Behavior in a Developing Country: Empirical Study of Seoul, South Korea (12-2978)
Travel demand and behavior on weekends have been significantly changed over the past decade due to the income growth and the spread of the 5-day workweek in Korea. The increased weekend trips for shopping and leisure activities have exacerbated traffic congestion on major highways or principal arterial roads from Friday afternoon through Sunday. Therefore, it is necessary to consider travel demand forecasts and transport policies for weekend trips by identifying individuals¡¯ travel behavior on weekend. Previous research efforts focus on exploring characteristics of weekend travel by comparing those between weekdays and weekends, mostly in a few cities in North America. As an empirical study in a developing country, this study is to explore characteristics of travel behavior on weekends through descriptive analyses and develop Tobit models for trip frequencies to identify key factors that significantly affect weekend travel, using Seoul Metropolitan trip-diary survey data in 2006. The model results show that weekend trips appear differently from weekdays by household or individual characteristics. For example, age, residence area, and type of residence significantly affect the number of daily trips, regardless of type of day, whereas gender, occupation, income, and presence of a vehicle in household show different impacts on trips between weekday and weekends.
Choo, Sangho , Hongik University, South Korea
Lee, Hyangsook , Hongik University, South Korea
Hong, Dahee , Korea Transport Institute
Transportation Research Board. 500 Fifth St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
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