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TRB 89th Annual Meeting (January 10-14, 2010)
Event Number:370
Event Title:Parking Policies and Approaches: Public Transit and Carsharing
Event Date:Jan 11 2010 3:45PM- 5:30PM
Event Location:Hilton, Lincoln East
Event Description:This session examines parking policies and approaches with respect to public transit and carsharing. It also addresses station area planning practices.
Event Agenda:Parking supply and costs are considered the most effect factor in influencing choice of transprotation mode. This issue is critical to major cities and their planning staff.

Station Area Planning and Parking Management in the Urban Core: Cases in Oakland and Berkeley  (10-3279)
Planning for transit-oriented infill development often calls for adding new buildings, residents, and attractions within a quarter to half-mile radius of the station. This paper discusses planning and parking management research conducted for three station areas of the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART), all located in older commercial districts. The research is based on interviews with key stakeholders, parking occupancy and turnover studies, counts, and surveys of users of the three station areas. Our research provides insights into the complexities of managing parking in areas where off-street parking is limited and on-street parking is regulated in a variety of ways. The stakes are high in city centers and high density urban districts, as different constituent groups have conflicting views and recommended solutions on whether and how parking should be provided. Parking management in such areas cannot be handled in a “one size fits all approach” but must be tailored to the specific circumstances of each district. Opportunities for intervention include making better use of available parking on street, forming partnerships with private parking providers to share parking, and varying parking rates on a block by block basis to better distribute demand. Opportunities also arise for moving some parkers out of cars and into other modes – transit, biking, walking. Managing parking thus entails not only the technical work of parking inventories, occupancy surveys, and price setting, but also a broader set of demand management strategies. In addition, the political work of managing interests and expectations is part of the process.

     Deakin, Elizabeth , University of California, Berkeley
     Frick, Karen , University of California, Berkeley

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