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TRB 89th Annual Meeting (January 10-14, 2010)
Event Number:224
Event Title:Innovations in Transportation Planning for Small and Medium-Sized Communities
Event Date:Jan 11 2010 8:00AM- 9:45AM
Event Location:Hilton, Jefferson West
Event Description:
Event Agenda:Learning Objective: To disseminate research results and advances in the state of the practice relating to the planning, development, programming and implementation of transportation facilities for small- and medium-sized communities.

This session highlights applied research and innovations in transportation planning for small and medium-sized communities (population between approximately 50,000 and 250,000). A cross section of topics is covered by these presentations.

Destination Choice Study by Activity for Rural Vermont Households (10-2569)
    
Many studies have found both household structure and land use type to be strongly correlated with travel behavior in non-rural or urban settings. This study expands upon previous literature by testing the strength of this relationship in rural neighborhoods. Employing survey results from the Two Rivers-Ottauquechee Region (TROR) in Vermont, we adopted an ordered Probit model to investigate consistency in destination choice among several pre-selected activity types and a multinomial logit model to examine the destination preferences of households/individuals for specific activities. The results obtained are similar to those identified in previous research, showing that differences in travel patterns between households can likely be explained by differences in time budget flexibility and the activity types required by each household’s structure. Commercial development level was found to be positively associated with local (within town of residence) travel. Our findings also point to the power of economic incentives, such as “no sales tax” on trip making behavior and destination choice. Taken together, our study indicates that the relationship between travel patterns and household structure in rural areas has similar characteristics to those found in suburban or urban areas. The unique land use patterns and development distribution often found in rural areas however, tends to be associated with the distinctive travel behavior of their residential population. In the long run, rural neighborhoods might have the opportunity to direct their future development to encourage less travel by expanding opportunities for residents to fulfill their activity needs locally.

Authors
     Zhang, Chen , University of Vermont
     Gekas, Cassandra Elena, University of Vermont
     Aultman-Hall, Lisa , University of Vermont


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