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TRB 89th Annual Meeting (January 10-14, 2010)
Performance and Evaluation of Urban Transport Systems in the Developing Countries
Jan 11 2010 10:15AM- 12:00PM
Marriott, Virginia C
Integrated Approach to Sustainable Transportation, Land Use, and Building Design: Case of Luokou District, Jinan, China (10-1806)
Due the pace and the scale of urban development in China, the implementation of sustainable urban practices there is an essential step in addressing climate change. Chinese officials are becoming increasingly interested in sustainable practices including transit-oriented development (TOD). However, even though the concept of TOD is supported, implementation sometimes falls short of desirable outcomes. In this paper, we present the preliminary results from a collaborative project carried out with planning officials from the city of Jinan (pop. 3.4 million), for a 3.1 km2 (1.15 mi2) district, expected to house 100-130,000 people by 2020. The paper presents an integrated transportation, land use, and building design plan for the district. The land use plan provides housing, office and retail employment schools and other public services. The urban design lays out these uses to create walkable neighborhoods and bike and transit access throughout the district. The current sparse, congested street network is replaced with a hierarchy of streets that accommodates all modes. Green building designs meet or exceed Chinese energy performance standards (meet EU standards), making use of daylight, passive heating and cooling. The environmental performance of the district is analyzed in both the local and the regional context using traffic micro simulation and building energy evaluation models. This design and analysis approach is intended to serve as a model for sustainable urban planning in other Chinese cities.
Duduta, Nicolae , EMBARQ/World Resources Institute
Shirgaokar, Manish , University of California, Berkeley
Deakin, Elizabeth , University of California, Berkeley
Zhang, Xinlan , Urban Planning and Design Institute, Jinan, China
Transportation Research Board. 500 Fifth St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
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